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C1 Cell Parts and Functions

Page history last edited by Nicole Karod 6 years, 10 months ago

How can you explain the ways cells contribute to the function of living organisms?

 

 

LEARNING TARGETS

 

INPUT RESOURCES

Use these to get information when you are working ahead or when you need to review a skill or concept.

Take notes on these resources. 

EVIDENCE

Do these activities and practice exercises to improve your skills and show proficiency.

MS-LS1-1: I can conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can explain the main ideas for cell theory.   

  • You are able to identify living and nonliving organisms.

  • You can provide examples of how living things can be made of one or many cells.

 

Choose one for cell theory:

  1. Cell Theory - The History

  2. Cell Theory Powerpoint


What is a microscope?


7 characteristics of life - take notes


2 types of cells

What do cells have in common?


preparing an onion cell slide

preparing your cheek cell slide

 

Cell Theory Match You can use your notes for this Must-do  


Living/Nonliving Sort- Make a copy and complete


2 Types of Cells - Make a copy and complete


CLASS ACTIVITIES:

*As a class discuss what makes something living and nonliving?


*Prepare onion/cheek cells and look at them under the microscope


 

MS-LS1-2: I can develop & use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways the parts of cells contribute to the function


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can identify the different structures and functions of plant and animal cells, including the cell wall, cell membrane, mitochondria, nucleus, and chloroplasts.

  • You understand that the cell membrane forms the boundary that controls what enters and leaves the cell.

 

VOCABULARY:  

Play Vocab Games:

  • Taboo

  • Memory

  • Cell Bingo (Class Activity)

  • Cell Simon Says (Class Activity)


Plant and Animal Cell Video


Cellcraft    

   

Cellcraft Vocabulary - flashcards and games


Cell Membrane Video - take notes

Cell Membrane Explained take notes

Osmosis


MORE INFORMATION (Optional):

Cell rap

Cell Explorer - another fun game!

 

Label the Animal Cell - play “game” and take quiz


Label the Plant Cell - play “game” and take quiz


Label the bacteria cell - play “game” and take quiz


Describe an organelle - put in your notebook


Cell Membrane


CLASS ACTIVITIES:

Cell Model

How Big? compared to the cell model.

Color the Cell - Put in your notebook


Cell Membrane Lessons (WE WILL DO THESE TOGETHER!)

Gummy Bear Lab

Celery Experiment Lab

Osmosis Egg Lab - Video



MORE PRACTICE (Optional):

compare a plant and animal cell - scroll down to do both parts

 

 EXCEEDS FOR MS-LS1 - 1 and 2            Cell Application Project

MS-LS1-3a:I can use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You understand the levels of organization of cells, tissues, organs and body systems.

  • You can explain how groups of cells work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for particular body functions.

 

Choose one for Organization:

(be sure to take notes)

  1. Organization of Cells, tissue, organs and body systems

  2. Cell Organization

 

4 types of tissues 

 

 Cell, Organ Organization

 

4 types of tissues

MS-LS1-3b I can use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can explain how groups of cells work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for form the circulatory system.

  •  I can explain the primary job of the circulatory system and the organs which support it. 

The Circulatory System


Brain Pop - How the Heart Works

username: brainpopmams

password: mams


The Circulatory System Rap


What is blood?


Animation: Where does your blood go?


Circulatory Game - 2 to 6 players (Located with the check-in’s)


MORE INFORMATION (Optional):

What color is your blood?

My blood

Types of blood vessels

Flowing Smoothly


Cruisin' the Heart Highway


Heart Stations


CLASS ACTIVITIES:

INB Activities we will do these together:

  1. Heart House

  2. Blood Vessel Foldable

  3. Heart Strings


Pulse/Circulatory Lab

MS-LS1-3c I can use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can explain how groups of cells work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for form the excretory system.

I can explain the primary job of the excretory system and the organs which support it.

Your kidneys


BrainPop - Urinary System

username: brainpopmams

password: mams


The Excretory System -

input/must do combo


What does your urine tell you?

 

**Excretory System Model - this is in the classroom check it out, get the W.S. and put it in your notebook. 

Biology quiz


Excretory System Word Search

 

Fun Basketball game - a few hard ones but a fun game, and good practice.


Label the excretory system

MS-LS1-3d I can use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can explain how groups of cells work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for form the digestive system.

I can explain the primary job of the digestive system and the organs which support it.

Your digestive system


Digestive System Game


Brainpop Movie

username: brainpopmams

password: mams


Digestion Game -Take notes and read each part between levels.


What does your poop tell you?


MORE INFORMATION (Optional):

When food turns to poo.


Call Me Maybe (Digestion Parody)

Digestive Quiz


The inside tract


Label the Digestive System


Digestive system station - record your observations and notes in your notebook.

(don't need to print)

 

CLASS ACTIVITIES:

INB Activity we will do this together:

Study the digestive system


Digestive System Lab - I have copies for you.

 

MORE PRACTICE (Optional):

Guts & Bolts

Digestion Process

MS-LS1-3e I can use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can explain how groups of cells work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for form the respiratory system.

I can explain the primary job of the respiratory  system and the organs which support it.

Kidshealth Respiratory System Video


Respiratory System Video

 

MORE INFORMATION (Optional):

Read about the Respiratory System


Nice animation


How do your vocal cords work?

Respiratory System Quiz


Take a deep breath (You do not have to do the bonus)


Respiratory Labeling Game


CLASS ACTIVITIES:

INB - I will have copies for you and we will do this together


Lung Capacity Lab 


MORE PRACTICE (Optional):

Millionaire Game


Label the Respiratory System

MS-LS1-3f I can use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.


You know you’ve got it when…

  • You can explain how groups of cells work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for form the muscular system.

  • I can explain the primary job of the muscular  system and the organs which support it.  
  • I have a general understanding of the major muscles in the body.  

What are muscles


Muscles Powerpoint


Muscles work in pairs


Example of muscles that work in pairs


MORE INFORMATION (Optional):

What is muscle?

 

3 Types of Muscles

 

Muscle Wordsearch


General Muscles


Working Pairs


CLASS ACTIVITIES:

INB - I will have copies for you and we will do this together


Muscular Stations


MORE PRACTICE (Optional):

poke a muscle This includes all the muscles… it’s hard but kinda fun :) 
EXCEEDS for C through F

 

Animations from of Amoeba Sisters! - Check out other animations they have :) 

Centrosome - an organelle which gives the cell it’s shape and helps the cell reproduce.  (the cell uses this skeleton to move around)

Cell Membrane- The thin film like outer layer that holds the cell together.  It works like a gatekeeper allowing certain substances in and out.

ATP Adenosine Triphosphate - store the cells energy (like the cells money)

Cell Wall - Cell walls are in plant cells and are made of specialized sugars called cellulose. Cell walls also help a plant keep its shape and protect the cell. They also help plants grown to great heights.

Cytoplasm - is the fluid that fills a cell which can turn 1 glucose into 2 ATP. The cells organelles are suspended in the cytoplasm.

Glucose- is like fuel - the cell uses it and turns it into ATP. This is the scientific word for sugar.

Mitochondria - like the cells power plant.  The mitochondria powers the cell from the food we eat.

Makes 1 glucose into 38 ATP

Vacuole - These are storage bubbles found in cells. They are found in both plants and animal cells, but are much larger in plant cells. Vacuoles can store a variety of nutrients a cell might need to survive.

Organelle- Cellular organs. Each organelle has a special job and is suspended in the cytoplasm.

Nucleus - the central command structure of the cell which directs all the activities.  The nucleus contains the cell’s DNA.  

Nucleic Acid - makes RNA, which is like a blueprint or map for protein.

Chloroplast - an organelle found in plant cells which use sunlight to make glucose. Plants are green because they have chloroplasts.

Amino Acids - are molecules that make protein. They are the cells building blocks.  

Ribosomes - are like the factories, the nucleus gives them orders and they make things using the nucleic acids

Slicer Enzymes - tracks down and kills viral RNA.

Defensins - are proteins in the cell membrane which block viruses from entering

Viruses - invade the cell and reproduce. A virus has a protein coat and viral RNA.  Viruses try to get their RNA to the ribosomes. Then the ribosomes make more viruses.

Fatty Acids - the cytoplasm can turn 4 glucose into 1 fatty acid, which happens when your cell has too much glucose. Fatty acids are molecules used to make the membrane

Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R) - is an organelle where the membrane is produced. It produces vesicles


Peroxisome  - is a vesicle made by the E.R. which absorbs free radicals.

Free Radicals - poisonous garbage which mitochondria produce along with ATP.  The free radicals can damage organelles.

DNA Repair Enzymes - are special proteins which repair the nucleus.

Vesicles - is a membrane bubble with protein inside, there are many types of vesicles. vesicles also carry organelles.

Golgi Body - is an organelle which sorts and processes vesicles.

Lysosome - is a vesicle filled with acid and can recycle large organelles.

Cell Theory - The ideas that

1.All living things are made of cells.

2.Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things.

3.Living cells come only from other living cells. 
 
 

 

 

 

 

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